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Title: Multimodal benefits of exercise in patients with multiple sclerosis and COVID-19
Authors: Razi, Omid
Tartibian, Bakhtyar
Laher, Ismail
Govindasamy, Karuppasamy
Zamani, Nastaran
Rocha-Rodrigues, Sílvia
Suzuki, Katsuhiko
Keywords: COVID-19
Multiple sclerosis
Blood-brain barrier
Physical exercise
Issue Date: 14-Apr-2022
Citation: Razi, O., Tartibian, B., Laher, I., Govindasamy, K., Zamani, N., Rocha-Rodrigues & S., Suzuki, K.(2022). Multimodal benefits of exercise in patients with multiple sclerosis and COVID-19. Frontiers in Physiology, 13. Doi: 10.3389/fphys.2022.783251
Abstract: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease characterized by plaque formation and neuroinflammation. The plaques can present in various locations, causing a variety of clinical symptoms in patients with MS. Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is also associated with systemic inflammation and a cytokine storm which can cause plaque formation in several areas of the brain. These concurring events could exacerbate the disease burden of MS. We review the neuro-invasive properties of SARS-CoV-2 and the possible pathways for the entry of the virus into the central nervous system (CNS). Complications due to this viral infection are similar to those occurring in patients with MS. Conditions related to MS which make patients more susceptible to viral infection include inflammatory status, blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, function of CNS cells, and plaque formation. There are also psychoneurological and mood disorders associated with both MS and COVID-19 infections. Finally, we discuss the effects of exercise on peripheral and central inflammation, BBB integrity, glia and neural cells, and remyelination. We conclude that moderate exercise training prior or after infection with SARS-CoV-2 can produce health benefits in patients with MS patients, including reduced mortality and improved physical and mental health of patients with MS.
ISSN: 1664-042X
Appears in Collections:ESDL - Artigos indexados à WoS/Scopus

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